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List of Norwegian queens

List of Norwegian queens

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This is a list of Norwegian queens. This list covers a large time span and the role of a queen has changed much over the centuries. However individual queens have also shaped their own role in remarkable ways. Many have truly ruled the country side by side with their husband and some have become sole regents. The marriage of an heir or a king was most often affected by politics and alliances were often affirmed by marriages in the royal families. It was also for a long period not permitted for royalty to marry non-royalty. Thus the choice of wife would be narrow in one's own country and most of the queens in this list are not native to their husband's country. Due to unions with Denmark and Sweden the queens listed for 1380–1814 were also queens of Denmark and the queens listed for 1814–1905 were also queens of Sweden.

Queen consorts of Norway

Fairhair dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Gyda Eiriksdatter of Hordaland Eirik of Hordaland - 872 930
husband's abdication
- Harald I[1]
Gunnhild Gormsdóttir of Denmark
[2]
Gorm the Old of Denmark
(Knytlinga)
910 922 931
husband's accession
934
husband's desposition
after 970 Eric I

Knýtling dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Tove of the Obotrites
[3]
Mstivoj - 970 976
husband conquer Norway
985/6
husband's death
- Harald Bluetooth

Unclassified

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Tyri Haraldsdatter of Denmark Harald Bluetooth
(Knytlinga)
- 998 9 September 1000
husband's death
18 September 1000 Olaf I

Knýtling dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Gunhild of Wenden
[legendary]
[3][4][5]
Burislav of Wendland perhaps identical to Sigrid and or the daughter of Mieszko I. Sweyn Forkbeard
Sigrid Storråda
[legendary]
[3][4][5]
Skagul Toste Den Store Danske Encyklopædi identifies the consort of Sweyn I as Gunhild, and considers the Sigrid the Haughty of the sagas to be based on her, but predominantly a work of "complete fiction". She subsequently married Sweyn II, who later divorced her on orders from the church, since both of them were grandchildren of the Slavic consort of Eric the Victorious of Sweden. Source: Den Store Danske Encyklopædi, CD-ROM edition, entries Gunhild and Sigrid Storråde.
(name unknown)
[3][4][5]
Mieszko I of Poland
(Piast)
perhaps identical to one or both of previous

St. Olaf dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Astrid Olofsdotter Olof Skötkonung
(Munsö)
- February 1019 1028
husband flee after Denmark invade
1035 Olaf II

Knýtling dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Emma of Normandy
[3][5]
Richard I, Duke of Normandy
(Normandy)
985 July 1017 1028
husband's conquest
12 November 1035
husband's death
6 March 1052 Canute II

Hardrada dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Elisaveta Yaroslavna of Kiev Yaroslav I, Grand Prince of Kiev
(Rurikid)
c. 1025 Winter of 1043-44 25 October 1047
husband's ascession
25 September 1066
husband's death
c. 1067 Harald III
Ingerid Swensdatter of Denmark Sweyn II of Denmark
(Estridsen)
? c. 1067 c. 1093
husband's death
? Olaf III
Margaret Fredkulla Ingesdotter of Sweden
[6]
Inge I of Sweden
(Stenkil)
1080s c. 1101 August 1103
husband's death
c. 1130 Magnus III
Ingebjørg Guttormsdatter Guttorm Toresson ? ? August 1103
husband's accession
29 August 1123
husband's death
? Eystein I
Malmfred Mstislavna of Kiev
[3]
Mstislav I, Grand Prince of Kiev
(Rurikid)
c. 1105 1116 and 1120 26 March 1130
husband's death
after 1137 Sigurd I
Christine Knutsdatter of Denmark Canute Lavard
(Estridsen)
c. 1118 c. 1132 c. 1133 Magnus IV

Gille dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Ingrid Ragnvaldsdotter of Sweden Prince Ragnvald Ingesson of Sweden
(Stenkil)
1100/10 c. 1134 c. 1136
husband's death
after 1161 Harald IV
Ragna Nikolasdatter Nikolas Måse ? ? c. 1142
husband's accession
c. 1157 Eystein II

Hardrada (Skakke) dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Estrid Bjørnsdotter Björn Byrdasvend ? ? 4 February 1161
husband's accession
c. 1176 Magnus V

Sverre dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Margaret Eriksdotter of Sweden Eric IX of Sweden
(Eric)
? c. 1189 9 March 1202
husband's death
c. 1209 Sverre
Margrete Skulesdatter Skule Bårdsson c. 1208 25 May 1225 15 December 1263
husband's death
c. 1270 Haakon IV
Rikissa Birgersdotter of Bjelbo
[7]
Birger Magnusson of Bjelbo
(Bjelbo)
c. 1237 c. 1251 5 May 1257
husband's death
after 1288 Haakon Haakonsson the Young
Ingeborg Eriksdotter of Denmark Eric IV of Denmark
(Estridsen)
c. 1244 11 September 1261 16 December 1263
husband's accession
9 May 1280
husband's death
c. 1287 Magnus VI
Margaret of Scotland Alexander III of Scotland
(Dunkeld)
28 February 1261 c. 1281 9 April 1283 Eric II
Isabel Bruce Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale
(Bruce)
c. 1272 c. 1293 15 July 1299
husband's death
1358
Euphemia of Rügen Günther, Count of Arnstein c. 1270 Spring of 1299 15 July 1299
husband's accession
c. 1312 Haakon V

House of Bjelbo

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Blanche of Namur
[8][9][4]
John I, Marquis of Namur
(Dampierre)
1320 5 November 1335 15 August 1343
husband's desposition
1363 Magnus VII
Margaret Valdemarsdatter of Denmark
[8][9][4]
Valdemar IV of Denmark
(Estridsen)
1353 9 April 1363 11 September 1380
husband's death
28 October 1412 Haakon VI

House of Pomerania

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Philippa of England
[3][10][4]
Henry IV of England
(Lancaster)
4 June 1394 26 October 1406 7 January 1430 Eric III

House of Palatinate-Neumarkt

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Dorothea of Brandenburg
[8][9][3][4][10][11]
John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
(Hohenzollern)
1430/31 12 September 1445 6 January 1448
husband's death
10 November 1495 Christopher

House of Bonde

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Katarina Karlsdotter of Bjurum
[8][9][4]
Karl Ormsson Gumsehuvud
(Gumsehufvud)
1418 5 October 1438 20 November 1449
husband's ascession
June 1450
husband's deposition
7 September 1450 Charles I

House of Oldenburg

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Dorothea of Brandenburg
[8][9][3][4][10][12][13]
John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
(Hohenzollern)
1430/31 28 October 1449 21 May 1481
husband's death
10 November 1495 Christian I
Interregnum (1481–1483)
Christina of Saxony
[8][9][3][4][10][12]
Ernest, Elector of Saxony
(Wettin)
25 December 1461 6 September 1478 1483
husband's ascession
20 February 1513
husband' death
8 December 1521 John
Isabella of Austria
[8][9][3][4][10][12]
Philip I of Castile
(Habsburg)
18 July 1501 12 August 1515 20 January 1523
husband's desposition
19 January 1526 Christian II
Sophie of Pomerania
[8][9][3][10][12]
Bogislaw X, Duke of Pomerania
(Pomerania)
1498 9 October 1518 20 January 1523
husband's ascession
10 April 1533
husband's death
13 May 1568 Frederick I
Interregnum (1533–1534)
Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
[8][9][3][10][12]
Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
(Ascania)
9 July 1511 29 October 1525 4 July 1534
husband's ascession
1 January 1559
husband's death
7 October 1571 Christian III
Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
[8][9][3][10][12]
Ulrich III, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
(Mecklenburg-Güstrow)
4 September 1557 20 July 1572 4 April 1588
husband's death
14 October 1631 Frederick II
Anne Catherine of Brandenburg
[8][9][3][10][12]
Joachim III Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg
(Hohenzollern)
26 June 1575 27 November 1597 8 April 1612 Christian IV
Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
[8][9][3][10][12]
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Welf)
24 March 1628 1 October 1643 28 February 1648
husband's ascession
9 February 1670
husband's death
20 February 1685 Frederick III
Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
[8][9][3][10][12]
William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
27 April 1650 25 June 1667 9 February 1670
husband's ascession
25 August 1699
husband's death
27 March 1714 Christian V
Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
[8][9][3][10][12]
Gustav Adolf, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
(Mecklenburg-Güstrow)
28 August 1667 5 December 1695 25 August 1699
husband's ascession
15 March 1721 Frederick IV
Anne Sophie Reventlow
[8][9][3][10][12]
Conrad, Count Reventlow
(Reventlow)
16 April 1693 4 April 1721 12 October 1730
husband's death
7 January 1743
Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
[8][9][3][10][12]
Christian Heinrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach
(Hohenzollern)
28 November 1700 7 August 1721 12 October 1730
husband's ascession
6 August 1746
husband's death
27 May 1770 Christian VI
Louise of Great Britain
[8][9][3][10][12]
George II of Great Britain
(Hanover)
7 December 1724 11 December 1743 6 August 1746
husband's ascession
19 December 1751 Frederick V
Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
[8][9][3][10][12]
Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Brunswick-Bevern)
4 September 1729 8 July 1752 13 January 1766
husband's death
10 October 1796
Caroline Matilda of Great Britain
[8][9][3][10][12]
Frederick, Prince of Wales
(Hanover)
11 July 1751 8 November 1766 10 May 1775 Christian VII
Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel
[8][9][3][10][12][14]
Landgrave Charles of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
28 October 1767 31 July 1790 13 March 1808
husband's ascession
14 January 1814
husband lost Norway
22 March 1852 Frederick VI

House of Holstein-Gottorp

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp
[8][9][4][10]
Frederick August I, Duke of Oldenburg
(Holstein-Gottorp)
22 March 1759 7 July 1774 4 November 1814
husband's ascession
5 February 1818
husband's death
20 June 1818 Charles II

House of Bernadotte

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Désirée Clary
[8][9][4][10]
François Clary 8 November 1777 17 August 1798 5 February 1818
husband's ascession
8 March 1844
husband's death
17 December 1860 Charles III John
Josephine of Leuchtenberg
[8][9][4][10]
Eugène de Beauharnais
(Beauharnais)
14 March 1807 19 June 1823 8 March 1844
husband's ascession
8 July 1859
husband's death
7 June 1876 Oscar I
Louise of the Netherlands
[8][9][4][10]
Prince Frederick of the Netherlands
(Orange-Nassau)
5 August 1828 19 June 1850 8 July 1859
husband's ascession
30 March 1871 Charles IV
Sophia of Nassau
[8][9][4][10]
William, Duke of Nassau
(Nassau-Weilburg)
9 July 1836 6 June 1857 18 September 1872
husband's ascession
26 October 1905
husband's renounce claim after the Union dissolved
30 December 1913 Oscar II

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Maud of Wales Edward VII of the United Kingdom
(Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)
26 November 1869 22 July 1896 18 November 1905
husband's ascession
20 November 1938 Haakon VII
Sonja Haraldsen Karl August Haraldsen 4 July 1937 29 August 1968 17 January 1991
husband's accession
Incumbent - Harald V

Notes

  1. ^ Harald I had many other wives but it isn't certain if they are his spouse or just concubines. They were: Åsa Håkonsdotter of Lade, Ragnhild Eriksdotter of Jutland, Svanhild Øysteinsdotter, Åshild Ringsdotter of Ringerike, Snøfrid Svåsesdotter of the Finn, and Tora Mosterstong, his maidservant.
  2. ^ Also Queen consort of Jórvík
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Also Queen consort of Denmark.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Also Queen consort of Sweden.
  5. ^ a b c d Also Queen consort of England
  6. ^ Also Queen consort of Mann and the Isles.
  7. ^ Co queen.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Also Queen consort of the Goths.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Also Queen consort of the Geats.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Also Queen consort of the Wends.
  11. ^ 1st time.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Also Duchess consort of Schleswig-Holstein.
  13. ^ 2nd time.
  14. ^ Also Duchess consort of Saxe-Lauenburg.

See also



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