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The Club House at Shinnecock Hills Golf Club
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club

On this day

June 22

Laura Secord warns James FitzGibbon
Laura Secord warns James FitzGibbon

Sayf al-Dawla (b. 916) · Howard Staunton (d. 1874) · Judy Garland (d. 1969)

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Pierre Boulez in 1968
Pierre Boulez in 1968

Today's Featured Article

Artist's reconstruction of the dinosaur

Dilophosaurus was one of the earliest large predatory dinosaurs, living in what is now North America during the Early Jurassic, about 193 million years ago. The genus name means "two-crested lizard". It was smaller than some later theropods, about 7 meters (23 ft) in length, with a weight of about 400 kilograms (880 lb). It had a pair of plate-shaped crests on its skull, and the upper jaw had a gap below the nostril. The teeth were long, curved, and thin. The arms were powerful, and the hands had four fingers. Dilophosaurus was active and bipedal, and may have hunted large animals, though it could also have fed on smaller animals and fish. The function of the crests is unknown; they were too weak for battle, but may have been used in visual display. Dilophosaurus was featured in the movie Jurassic Park, in which it was given the fictional abilities to spit venom and expand a cowl on its neck. It has been designated as the state dinosaur of Connecticut. (Full article...)

Photo of the Day

Simon Boccanegra libretto cover

The cover of the first edition libretto for the 1881 revision of Simon Boccanegra. This opera with a prologue and three acts was written by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on Antonio García Gutiérrez's play Simón Bocanegra (1843). First performed at Teatro La Fenice in Venice in 1857, it received a generally poor popular response and had dropped out of favour by 1866. Verdi prepared a revised edition more than a decade later, with text changes by Arrigo Boito. This version was first performed at La Scala in Milan in 1881, and remains the most frequently performed today.

Illustration: Uncredited; restoration: Adam Cuerden